Vitamins E and C also organic selenium (and to a lesser extent vitamin A) are important biological antioxidants taking part in the protection of muscle celles and helping recovery after effort
Vitamin B1 is essential for the metabolism of carbohydrates. At a muscular level during sprints, it intervenes in the combustion of sugars.
Vitamin B2 activates the catabolism of lactic aced (as does zinc) and intervenes in the metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids (as do vitamins B3 an B8).
Vitamin B5 plays a role in fatty acid and carbohydrates oxidation.
Vitamin B6 intervenes in regulating blood sugar levels by contributing to the liberation of sugars from glycogen reserves in the organism.
Vitamin B12 is known for its role in red blood cell formation (just like vitamins B6 and B9). On a more general level it is implied in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids.
Copper increases lipid use in energy production.
Copper and zinc are essential co-factors of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD), a fundamental enzyme in the antioxidant struggle.
Iron is a co-factor to numerous enzymes which intervene in energy production (cellular respiration).
Manganese intervenes in the metabolism of lipids and carbohydrates. As co-factor of manganese superoxyde dismutase (Mn-SOD) it also involved in neutralising free radicals.